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EU | Free Movement Of Persons

Personal Mobility: Treaty Rights

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Personal Mobility: Treaty Rights

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Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)


  • Article 20 TFEU: citizenship of EU / national of a Member State / automatically citizen of Union / gives rights & imposes duties / in addition to nationality
  • Article 21 TFEU: citizen right to move and reside freely / subject to the limitations & conditions in Treaty


  • Article 18 TFEU: prohibits discrimination on grounds of nationality


  • Article 45(1)TFEU: free movement of workers
  • Article 45(2) TFEU: no discrimination / on nationality
  • Article 18 TFEU: non-discrimination / applied by ECJ for workers (Netherlands v Reed)
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