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Criminal | Offences Against Property

Theft & Robbery: Actus Reus

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Theft & Robbery: Actus Reus

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Theft Act 1968 (TA)

  • S1(1) TA: .. dishonestly appropriates property belonging to another with the intention of permanently depriving the other of it ...


  • S3(1) TA: any assumption of rights of an owner
  • owner: right or interest in property (S3(2) TA) / may lend still own
  • consent: implied until pay less (Morris) / appropriates if dishonest (Lawrence) / true consent (Gomez)
  • exclusions: cannot steal twice (S3(1) TA) / innocent purchaser in good faith (S3(2) TA)
  • requires handling goods or banknotes / transfers is fraud offence (Williams)


  • S4(1) TA: money & all other property / real or personal / things in action / intangible
  • S4(2)TA: excludes land or part of it / exceptions: (c) tenant ((d)) commercial forager
  • insufficient: information (Oxford v Moss) / electricity (Low v Blease)
  • things in action: right can be enforced against another by action in law (bank account) / overdraft within limit (Kohn)
  • tube tickets / belonged to London Underground /travel documents (like pre paid parking) (Marshall)
  • common law corpse not property / attributes due to application of skill can be for theft (Kelly)
bits of law

Theft & Robbery: Actus Reus

[Flash Card 2 of 2]

Belonging to another:

  • S5(1) TA: possession or control / proprietary right or interest
  • S5(2) TA: in trust charity telethon (Wain) / even if no specific beneficiary (Dyke & Munro)
  • S5(3) TA: particular purpose / legal obligation only (Huskinson) / proceeds (Klineberg)
  • S5(4) TA: obtained by mistake / legally obliged repay (Moyne v Cooper)
  • S5(5) TA: corporation
  • petrol: prove @ pump dishonest intent (Edwards v Ddin)
  • took own car from garage without paying / steals another person's rights over goods (Turner)
  • scrap metal / person can be in control of property he does not know he possesses (Woodman)
  • abandoned property may become property of those taken it
  • refuse collectors / rubbish not abandoned / remains householders' property / on collection transfers to council (Williams v Phillips)
bits of law
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